Tuesday, March 27, 2018

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2. Membuat materi pembelajaran kimia berbasis komputer terintegrasi dengan internet. Materi kimia di ambil dari buku Chemistry Raymond Chang, kemudian ditulis dalam Bahasa Indonesia dengan kalimat Anda sendiri. Boleh ditambahkan gambar, video atau animasi yang memperjelas konsep-konsep atau pemahaman dalam materi tersebut.

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Materi:
1>2.1 The Atomic Theory 42 
2>2.2 The Structure of the Atom 43 
3>2.3 Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Isotopes 49 
4>2.4 The Periodic Table 51
5>2.5 Molecules and Ions 53 
6>2.6 Chemical Formulas 55 
7>2.7 Naming Compounds 59 
8>2.8 Introduction to Organic Compounds 68 
9>3.1 Atomic Mass 80 
10>3.2 Avogadro’s Number and Molar Mass of an Element 81 
11>3.3 Molecular Mass 85 
12>3.4 The Mass Spectrometer 88 
13>3.5 Percent Composition of Compounds 88 
14>3.6 Experimental Determination of Empirical Formulas 92 
15>3.7 Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations 94 
16>3.8 Amounts of Reactants and Products 99 
17>3.9 Limiting Reagents 103 
18>3.10 Reaction Yield 106
19>4.1 General Properties of Aqueous Solutions 122 
20>4.2 Precipitation Reactions 124
21>4.3 Acid-Base Reactions 129 
22>4.4 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 135
23>4.5 Concentration of Solutions 147 
24>4.6 Gravimetric Analysis 151 
25>4.7 Acid-Base Titrations 153 
26>4.8 Redox Titrations 156
27>5.1 Substances That Exist as Gases 174 
28>5.2 Pressure of a Gas 175 
29>5.3 The Gas Laws 179 
30>5.4 The Ideal Gas Equation 185 
31>5.5 Gas Stoichiometry 194 
32>5.6 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures 196
33>5.7 The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases 201
34>5.8 Deviation from Ideal Behavior 211
35>6.1 The Nature of Energy and Types of Energy 230 
36>6.2 Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions 231 
37>6.3 Introduction to Thermodynamics 233
38>6.4 Enthalpy of Chemical Reactions 239 
39>6.5 Calorimetry 245
40>7.1 From Classical Physics to Quantum Theory 276 
41>7.2 The Photoelectric Effect 280 
42>7.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom 282
43>7.4 The Dual Nature of the Electron 288
44>7.5 Quantum Mechanics 293 
45>7.6 Quantum Numbers 294 
46>7.7 Atomic Orbitals 297 
47>7.8 Electron Confi guration 300 
48>7.9 The Building-Up Principle 307  
49>8.1 Development of the Periodic Table 324 
50>8.2 Periodic Classifi cation of the Elements 326 
51>8.3 Periodic Variation in Physical Properties 330
52>8.4 Ionization Energy 337 
53>8.5 Electron Affi nity 341 
54>8.6  Variation in Chemical Properties of the Representative 
55>9.1 Lewis Dot Symbols 366 
56>9.2 The Ionic Bond 367 
57>9.3 Lattice Energy of Ionic Compounds 369
58>9.4 The Covalent Bond 374 
59>9.5 Electronegativity 377 
60>9.6 Writing Lewis Structures 380 
61>9.7 Formal Charge and Lewis Structure 383 
62>9.8 The Concept of Resonance 386 
63>9.9 Exceptions to the Octet Rule 389
64>9.10 Bond Enthalpy 394 
65>10.1 Molecular Geometry 410 
10.2 Dipole Moment 420
10.3 Valance Bond Theory 424 
10.4 Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals 428 
10.5 Hybridization in Molecules Containing Double and Triple Bonds 437 
10.6 Molecular Orbital Theory 440 
10.7 Molecular Orbital Confi gurations 443 
10.8 Delocalized Molecular Orbitals 448


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